The plan wishes to place the subject of human trafficking … More recent events, such as the February 2017 Summit on Organ Trafficking hosted by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in Vatican City, have also shed light on the state of the organ trade. According to Harold King, forced organ harvesting is a major ethical issue in the international community, and especially in China. They are also the most difficult to trace and to interrupt. Origin countries: The countries (or area in a country) from where victims originate. According to Professor Jacques Belghiti, transplant surgeon at Beaujon University Hospital, no scientific feedback has been published concerning the results of transplants from forced organ harvesting. In 2008, confronted with the fact of this bank of living organs from China, health professionals from 78 countries gathered at the Istanbul conference and for the first time defined what trafficking organs and the trade in transplantation actually were, and what it meant for a number of surgeons to go to China in the name of scientific cooperation. Due to organ shortages, the waiting time for a transplant in the country is usually three years, and this waiting time increases each year. In practice, limiting the use of organs to prisoners sentenced to death has never been respected in China. 9822 3 June 2003 Report Social, Health and Family Affairs Committee Rapporteur: Mrs Ruth-Gaby Vermot-Mangold, Switzerland, SOC Summary As the success of organ transplantation steadily increases, the gap between the supply and demand for organs continues to widen sharply. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. According to Didier Sicard, former President of the National Consultative Ethics Committee, France remains a model country in the world regarding organ transplantation. The question therefore is the origin of this source of readily available organs. By the period of 1600, many other countries started participating in the European Slave Trade countries like France, Spain, North America, Sweden and many more. Furthermore, the full integration of the issue within the human trafficking field as a whole is … According to various reports published by David Kilgour and David Matas, and by Ethan Gutmann, an American journalist, this organ surplus comes from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience who have been imprisoned by the hundreds of thousands in Chinese prisons since 1999. In 2015 the Council of Europe introduced a new criminal law convention to address organ trafficking. We do not know how lucky we are in France from a public health point of view, in so far as we focus above all on treating the patient, whatever their income, and without any commercial considerations. The key would be to help other countries to progressively realize our ethical responsibility to the future, which is to say that the non-commercialization of the body be the universal norm rather than the reverse. Much overlapping evidence explains the more than 200,000 organ transplants of unknown origin between 2000 and 2008. These sites showed there was organized foreign collaboration. As early as 2013, the National Consultative Ethics Committee heard testimony warning that, by training Chinese doctors, French doctors could have become unwittingly complicit in forced organ harvesting. Although France signed the Council of Europe Convention against Trafficking in Human Organs in 2019, implementing the treaty and bringing violators to justice in France could be difficult. 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